In simplest terms, ecological design bases itself on creating systems that support themselves without degrading other systems.
The goal is to meet human needs but to do it in a way that promotes health, the environment, and the community. When we design systems and habitats in this way, we mitigate vulnerabilities to ourselves and others. It does not have to be one or the other.
We can apply this type of design to the production and distribution of our food, to our landscapes, to our homes and buildings, and to our educational systems.
Natural systems are a great example. A forest supports entire biological communities without producing wastewith in that they capture renewable solar energy, cycle energy and resources without producing waste